Native to Europe and Asia, now cultivated all over the world, mainly in eastern USA, Europe (including Austria), Russian the Baltic states and Scandinavia.
The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fir needles.
Antimicrobial, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, insecticidal, restorative and stimulant.
When diluted in a carrier oil for massage Pine is used to soothe aching and sore muscles, arthritis and rheumatism. It's often found in sport massage blends and can have a stimulating effect on the circulation.
When burned, vaporised or used in a steam inhalation Pine is thought to be effective for most bronchial problems such as asthma, chest infections and bronchitis. It also used to soothe colds, coughs (especially persistent), sinusitis and sore throats.
You may find that Pine blends especially well with cedarwood, eucalyptus, lavender, niaouli, rosemary and sage.