Native to south west India, cultivated in tropical countries including India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Madagascar.
The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the whole or crushed fruits of the plant.
Properties claimed for Black Pepper essential oil include: Analgesic, antispasmodic, rubefacient, tonic, stomachic.
The most common use of Black Pepper oil in aromatherapy is probably in massage blends for muscular pain, stiff and achy joints and fatigue. It commonly features in massage blends for dancers and those taking part in sporting or strenuous activities. It's a strong oil in both action and odour so should always be well diluted (we recommend a maximum of 1-2% in a blend with other oils - see Blends Well With below). It may also benefit people suffering with rheumatism and arthritis.
Aromatherapists use Black Pepper to treat digestive tract problems due to its antispasmodic, carminative and tonic properties. It's used to improve sluggish digestive systems. It can also be used to treat anaemia as it stimulates the spleen and so assists in the creation of new blood cells.
Organic version also available.
Most essential oils generally blend well with one another. You may find that Black Pepper blends especially well with bergamot, clary sage, clove, coriander, fennel, frankincense, geranium, ginger, grapefruit, lavender, juniper, lemon, lime, mandarin, sage, sandalwood and ylang-ylang.